Černák V. & Vďačný M., 2010: Very low grade metamorphism of basic rocks: definition, mineral assemblages, and p-T conditions. Acta Geologica Slovaca, 2, 2, 149–161. (in Slovak with English summary)


Veľmi nízkostupňová metamorfóza bázických hornín: definícia, minerálne asociácie a p-T podmienky

Very low grade metamorphism of basic rocks: definition, mineral assemblages, and p-T conditions


Vladimír Černák1 & Marek Vďačný2

1Katedra geochémie, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Mlynská dolina G, 842 15 Bratislava; cernak.vladimir@gmail.com
2Katedra mineralógie a petrológie, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Mlynská dolina G, 842 15 Bratislava; vdacnym@fns.uniba.sk

Abstract

The subgreenschist facies, representing a part of the field of very low grade metamorphism, is characterized by pressures lower than those of the glaucophane-schist facies and temperatures lower than the low-temperature limit of the greenschist facies (up to ca. 300 °C and ca. 4–5 kbar). The subgreenschist facies involves three various metabasite subfacies (prehnite–pumpellyite facies, prehnite–actinolite facies, and pumpellyite–actinolite facies) defined by specific and diagnostic mineral assemblages of prehnite + pumpellyite, prehnite + actinolite, pumpellyite + actinolite, and also, according to certain authors, laumontite. The very low grade metamorphic rocks have been found over large areas of the Earth’s continental and oceanic crust and it is expected that these rocks develop in a variety of tectonic settings. The Earth’s crust, subduction zones, continental orogenic, arcs, and ridges are the most frequent geological environment where these transformations occur. In the Western Carpathians, the very low grade metamorphic rocks have been found in the Tatric, Hronic, and Gemeric superunits.


Key words: metamorphism, subgreenschist facies, p–T conditions, geodynamic settings


Manuscript received: 2010-03-31

Revised version accepted: 2010-09-27


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