Kompaníková Z., Durmeková T., Vlčko J., Brček M. & Gómez-Heras M., 2011: Pozorovanie zmien travertínov vyplývajúcich z teplotnej záťaže. Acta Geologica Slovaca, 3, 1, 83–94.


Pozorovanie zmien travertínov vyplývajúcich z teplotnej záťaže

Monitoring of travertine changes resulting from thermal load


Zuzana Kompaníková1, Tatiana Durmeková1, Ján Vlčko1, Martin Brček2 & Miguel Gómez-Heras3

1Katedra inžinierskej geológie, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Mlynská dolina G, 842 15 Bratislava; e-mail: kompanikova@fns.uniba.sk
2Štátny geologický ústav Dionýza Štúra, Mlynská dolina 1, 817 04 Bratislava 11
3Instituto de Geología Económica (CSIC-UCM), Facultad de CC. Geológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain

Abstract

Travertines, despite of their unique noble appearance change their properties when affected by ageing like any other building and decorative stone. Some of the most noticeable changes are influenced by temperature fluctuations. From this point of view, the main purpose of presented research was to determine the influence of multiple temperature cycles for travertine from Spišské Podhradie and Ludrová in temperature range of 25°C to 60°C corresponding to summer period temperature regimes. The weakening of the rock material by heating was determined by non-destructive techniques before and after thermal load. By ultrasound apparatus was observed by means of ultrasonic velocities change, when higher values of ultrasonic velocities were determined parallel to the bedding while the perpendicular direction had slower velocities. The change of colour was specified by spectrophotometer and no distinct visualu color change was determined with increasing temperature. By non-contact profilometer surface roughness data of samples profiles primarily indicate a decrease of roughness during heating. The coefficient of linear thermal expansion acquired by thermodilatometer varied from 4.6.10-3 to 7.8.10-3 mm.m-1.°C-1 for travertine from Spišské Podhradie and 5.3.10-3 to 7.3.10-3 mm.m-1.°C-1 for travertine from Ludrová. This parameter characterizes the materials response to heating or cooling. The techniques mentioned above are non-destructive and some of them are innovative in laboratory testing.


Key words: travertine, thermal load, linear thermal expansion, ultrasound velocity, colour change, surface roughness


Manuskript doručený: 2011-03-22

Manuskript revidovaný: 2011-04-19


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